Scotland has cool summers, mild winters and rainfall spread over the course of the year. We have also seen more frequent heavy rainfall events.


Over the last century, Scotland’s climate has become warmer, while changes in rainfall patterns have led to drier summers and wetter winters.

Climate BGE


Scotland’s climate trends

What is the average temperature, rainfall or sunshine in my part of Scotland? This graph allows you to change the range of years and region. You can also use it to find out how Scotland’s growing season has changed over the years.

Atmospheric concentrations of important greenhouse gases

How have greenhouse gases changed over history? This graph shows an increase since 1750 when industrial activities began.

How has Scotland’s average surface temperature differed from the 1960-1990 average over the past hundred years?



View the Met Office climate station map - The climate station map shows around 300 stations across the UK for which 1981-2010 averages are available.



The UK Met Office Weather Observation Website (WOW)

Find out about weather and submit your own data. Can you identify the clouds you see? Can you record the wind speed using the WOW app?

Met Office Logo

NASA Images of change gallery

NASA's Images of Change galleryNASA's Images of Change gallery features images of different locations on planet Earth, showing change over time periods ranging from centuries to days.

NASA - Images of Change gallery

NASA Climate kids


NASA's Climate kids educational game.Educational game from NASA - the goal is to slow the pace of global warming.

NASA - Climate kids

Citizen science surveys

OPAL Climate Survey

Read about the OPAL Climate Survey and study climate using the resources on their page. (OPAL are no longer accepting results for the OPAL Climate Survey but you can still study climate using the resources on their page.)



What is the greenhouse effect?

Find out more about the greenhouse effect from this State of the UK climate diagram

BBC Climate Challenge

What would you do about climate change if you were in charge? This challenge from the BBC lets you have a go at making the big decisions about climate.

Start your climate challenge 

Where do the greenhouse gases come from?

 This table gives more information about which industries are producing greenhouse gases.

Table of greenhouse gases and industries (PDF)

Consider the impact on species across Scotland

How has Scotland’s average surface temperature differed from the 1960-1990 average over the past hundred years?

This page was last updated on 19 Sep 2018

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