Greenhouse-gas emissions are causing an increase in the Earth's temperature, and consequent alterations in weather patterns.

The way we live is causing this rapid change in our climate. The industries and processes we rely on are the main source of greenhouse-gas emissions, which are causing an increase in the Earth's temperature, and consequent alterations in weather patterns. We also need to prepare for the climate change that we cannot avoid because of our previous emissions, which have set us on course for a changing climate.

 

Snow in Arran

Data

Scotland’s climate trends

What is the average temperature, rainfall or sunshine in my part of Scotland? This graph allows you to change the range of years and region. You can also use it to find out how Scotland’s growing season has changed over the years.

 

Atmospheric concentrations of important greenhouse gases

How have greenhouse gases changed over history? This graph shows an increase since 1750 when industrial activities began.

 

How has Scotland’s average surface temperature differed from the 1960-1990 average over the past hundred years?

 

Global sea level variations since 1960

Review the CSIRO Marine and Atmosphere Research (PDF) - Can you explain these changes? What might have caused them?

 

Temperature, sunshine and rainfall data sets are available for download from the Met Office

A variety of download options are available including monthly, seasonal and annual values. Files can be downloaded in rank of year order.

 

Information about pathogens and tree-pests that may be influenced by climate change.

Read more about resilience indicators and how tree-pests and pathogens may be influenced by climate change.

 

 

Maps

Scotland’s climate projections

This interactive map shows the latest indications of the likely scenarios for Scotland’s projected climate.

Climate change and a rapid increase in tree pests and pathogens

Use the map below to investigate a rapid increase in the number of tree pests and pathogens these last few decades, and consider why climate change is likely to lead to changes in both their distribution and impact.

 

 

Apps

Met Office weather forecast app

Use the Met Office app. to find out about weather in your area

Met Office - weather forecast app

NASA Images of change gallery

NASA's Images of Change galleryNASA's Images of Change gallery features images of different locations on planet Earth, showing change over time periods ranging from centuries to days.

 

NASA - Images of Change gallery

Citizen Science Surveys

OPAL Climate Survey

Read about the OPAL Climate Survey and study climate using the resources on their page. (OPAL are no longer accepting results for the OPAL Climate Survey but you can still study climate using the resources on their page.)

Met Office Weather Observation Website Survey (WOW)

The Met Office Weather Observation Website Survey (WOW) allows anyone to submit their own weather data, anywhere in the world. Can you identify the clouds you see? Can you record the wind speed?

Met Office - Weather Observation Website Survey (WOW)

SEPA Rainfall Observers

This SEPA Rainfall Observers online portal allows volunteer rainfall observers to to report and view rainfall data that is included in the national rainfall measurements.

SEPA Rainfall Observers

Old Weather Survey

Get involved with analysing climate change data. The Old Weather Survey helps scientists recover Arctic and worldwide weather observations made by United States ships since the mid-19th century by transcribing ships' logs. These transcriptions will contribute to climate model projections and will improve knowledge of past environmental conditions.

Old Weather Survey

Cyclone Centre

 

Patterns in storms imagery are best recognised by the human eye, The Cyclone Centre. needs your help analysing these storms.

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Resources

What is the greenhouse effect?

Find out more about the greenhouse effect from this State of the UK climate diagram

 

BBC Climate Challenge

What would you do about climate change if you were in charge? This challenge from the BBC lets you have a go at making the big decisions about climate.

Start your climate challenge 

 

Where do the greenhouse gases come from?

 This table gives more information about which industries are producing greenhouse gases.

Table of greenhouse gases and industries (PDF)

 

How has Scotland’s average surface temperature differed from the 1960-1990 average over the past hundred years?

Consider the impact on species across Scotland.


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